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Conversion Chart and Handy Hints

Conversion Chart and Handy Hints

Some of us are used to converting imperial to metric (or the other way round!), some of us aren’t. However, having an understanding of each is useful because many of us still think imperial but most of what we buy is metric! It’s not so difficult – follow a couple of simple rules and you’ll be fine.

  • Don’t mix metric with imperial measurements in a recipe. This is because each type of measurement is often rounded up or down differently. Choose one and stick to it. 
  • Remember that grams are often rounded up or down for ease of measurement, as you’ll see in the chart below. This also makes metric equivalents easier to learn.
  • To give you a rough idea, a 500g bag of pasta is just under 18 oz (1lb 2oz), while 225g is equivalent to 8oz.
  • Always weigh ingredients in baking recipes and do exactly what the recipe says, unless you’ve been able to make cakes blindfold and with your hands tied behind your back since the age of 5! It’s the one type of cooking where I never ‘wing it,’ having learned the hard way. It’s far less wasteful to spend a couple of extra minutes using the scales than guessing and then being disappointed when your cake or cookies don’t turn out well.
  • Cups. If you invest in a US or Canadian cookbook or use a website based there, you may want to buy an inexpensive set of measuring cups and spoons – widely available from hardware and kitchen shops. However, while it’s easy enough to use cups to measure flour, sugar and liquids etc, it can get a bit fiddly when it comes to chopped vegetables! A few conversions are included in the chart below to help you, but for a more complete list, the following websites are very useful:

www.recipes4us.co.uk/conversion_charts.htm Just click on the cup and you can find both metric and imperial equivalents of just about all foods

 www.well.com/conf/cooking/recipes/convert-chart.html 

  • Oven thermometers. After ruining several batches of cakes I realised that my relatively new gas oven was much lower in temperature than it said on the dial. Oven thermometers only cost  £3-£4 from hardware/cook shops. Just follow the simple instructions. Needless to say, my baking has improved vastly! NB. Fan-assisted ovens tend to be hotter and the heat more evenly distributed. Reduce the heat by a little – about 5 degrees or so depending on the recipe.

Weights: 28g = 1oz     

Metric – grams (g) and kilograms (kg)

1000 grams = 1 kilogram

 

Imperial – ounces (oz) and pounds (lb)

16 ounces = 1 pound

7g

¼oz

15g 

½oz

30g 

1oz

60g

2oz

80g 

3oz

110g 

4oz

150g 

5oz

170g 

6oz

200g

7oz

225g 

8oz

250g 

9oz

280g 

10oz

300g

11oz

340g

12oz

450g 

16oz

 

Liquids

Metric – millilitres (ml) and litres (L)

1000mls = 1 litre

Imperial – fluid ounces (fl oz) and pints (pt)

20fl oz = 1 pint

140ml

5fl oz/1/4 pt

280ml

10fl oz/1/2 pt

420ml

15fl oz/3/4 pt

550ml 

20fl oz /1 pt

850ml

30fl oz/1½ pts

 

Spoons

All spoon measures refer to level spoons, not heaped

 

1 teaspoon (tsp) 

5ml

1 dessertspoon (dsp) 

10ml

1 tablespoon (tbsp) 

15ml

 

1 tbsp

1oz (30g) syrup, jam

 

2 tbsp 

1oz (30g) margarine, sugar

3 tbsp

1oz (30g) cornflour, cocoa, flour

 

4 tbsp

1oz (30g) grated vegan cheese, porridge oats

 

 

Cups (based on one 240g cup) 

+ means generous measurement

– means the measurement is just under 

 

1 Cup                                                  

 

Metric/Imperial

Flour, white

110g+/4oz

 

Flour (wholemeal)

150g/5oz+

 

Margarine

225g/8oz

 

Oats, rolled/jumbo, raw

100g/3½ oz

Pasta, dry, short cut

100g/3½ oz

 

Pasta, cooked, short cut

200g/7oz

Rice, raw

225g/8oz

 

Rice, cooked

250g/9oz

 

Sugar (granulated or caster)    

225g/8oz

 

Sugar (Demerara or raw)         

200g/7oz

 

                                                            

Ovens

Heat Description

Gas Mark

°Celsius (C ) 

°Fahrenheit (F)

Very Slow

¼ 

110

225

Very Slow

½ 

120/30

250

Slow

1

140

275

Slow

2

150

300

Moderate

3

160/170

325

Moderate

4

180

350

Medium Hot

5

190

375

Medium Hot

6

200

400

Hot

7

220

425

Hot

8

230

450

Very Hot

9

240

475